Treatment of Diabetes

The overall goal of treating diabetes is to prevent it's complications

Overview
There are two categories of long term complications that occur as a result of diabetes mellitus: macrovascular disease and macrovascular disease. Macrovascular disease is heart disease and microvascular disease includes kidney disease, eye disease, and neuropathy.

The goal of diabetes care is both to keep blood sugars low enough to prevent microvascular disease and to reduce other risk factors that increase heart disease risk. Patients with diabetes type 2 need to make real and substantial changes to their lifestyle on a day-to-day basis. Meeting with your endocrinologist and nutritionist are important aspects to this lifestyle change. 

Dietary Changes and Physical activity
Changing eating habits to keep a person's Body Mass Index 20-25 are the first steps to reducing blood sugars. All patients should  join a paid diet program or meet regularly with a nutritionist. Exercise is not enough. 

Medications to reduce blood sugars
There are many medications, pills and injections now available for reducing blood sugar. Each medication has specific benefits and side effects. Let the endocrinologists at Houston Thyroid and Endocrine help you choose the best regimen for you.  These medication essentially reduce your risk of microvascular disease. 

Steps to reduce Macrovascular disease
Reducing blood sugars in patients with diabetes is not enough to reduce the risk of heart disease. There are specific blood pressure goals, cholesterol goals, and specific medications that can help reduce heart attack risk. 


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